Diabetes Specialist

Family Care

Family Medicine located in Paterson, NJ & Totowa, NJ

Diabetes is a serious, chronic condition that requires long-term management and support in order to avoid serious complications. Samir Khalil, MD, of Family Care, located in Paterson, New Jersey, is experienced at the care and treatment of children and adults with this complex metabolic disorder. Whether you have been diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, or you are having concerning symptoms, call or book an appointment online for expert diabetic care.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic condition that can affect every system of your body. This condition affects how your body processes and utilizes glucose, which is the primary fuel for every process of the body.

Diabetes is a problem with the production of insulin, which is produced by the pancreas and is required for processing and distributing glucose. Without insulin, or when insulin is inadequate, glucose accumulates in the blood rather than being distributed throughout the body.

High blood sugar is a common term that refers to the build-up of glucose in the bloodstream. Normal insulin production helps balance blood sugar after intake of high glucose foods, but diabetes prevents this from happening.

Chronically high blood sugar levels are very damaging to the tissues of the body, and uncontrolled blood sugar levels can significantly impact every system and process of the body.

What are type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the two main types of the disease, which differ in how much insulin the body naturally produces.

  • Type 1 diabetes: Produces very little or no insulin
  • Type 2 diabetes: Produces some, but not enough insulin

Gestational diabetes is another form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. This form of diabetes is caused by an increased need for insulin production while carrying a child and usually resolves after birth.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Symptoms of diabetes can be varied because multiple systems of your body can be affected. Some symptoms may seem vague and not connected and may vary in severity over time.

Diabetes symptoms may include:

  • Excessive thirst or hunger
  • Excessive urination
  • Dry mouth
  • Low energy or fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Sores or wounds that are slow to heal
  • Frequent infections
  • Numbness or tingling of palms and bottoms of feet

While a health history and exam are an essential part of your physical assessment, diagnosis of diabetes is determined primarily by on-site blood work and urine tests.

How is diabetes treated?

Dr. Khalil at Family Care is a valuable part of your health care team who helps educate you and develops a personalized treatment plan for your diabetes that may include:

  • Regular blood sugar checks
  • Insulin injections, if needed
  • Diabetic diet
  • Healthy levels of activity
  • Skin checks, especially for your feet
  • Regular check-ups and blood tests

You are not alone on your efforts to manage diabetes, and the team at Family Care is with you every step of the way.

For a consultation about your diabetic symptoms or diabetes management, call or book an appointment online with Family Care today.

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